Los tres poderes del negociador.

Interesante articulo del PON de Harvard, donde se analizan los tres poderes esenciales que puede utilizar el negociador durante el proceso de negociación.

3 Sources of Power Negotiators Can Use at the Bargaining Table

BATNA [1] negotiations involve a negotiators knowledge of her best alternatives to a negotiated agreement and are one of three sources of negotiating power [2] at the bargaining table, according to negotiation researcher Adam D. Galinsky and New York University’s Joe C. Magee:

Discover how to unleash your power at the bargaining table in this free special report, BATNA Basics: Boost Your Power at the Bargaining Table [3], from Harvard Law School.

1. A strong BATNA.

Your best alternative to a negotiated agreement [4], or BATNA [1], is often your best source of bargaining power.

By cultivating a strong outside alternative, you gain the power you need to walk away from an unappealing deal.

BATNA Negotiation Example: A home buyer could improve her power in a negotiation with a seller by finding another house she likes just as much.

2. Role power.

Power can come from a strong role, title, or position, such as a high rank in an organization.

When negotiating with your boss, for instance, you sometimes may need to cede to his preferences because of his high status.

3. Psychological power.

Negotiators [5] can bring a sense of psychological power to the table—the feeling that they’re powerful, whether or not that’s objectively the case.

Simply thinking about a time in your life when you had power can bolster your confidence and improve your outcomes, Galinsky and Magee have found.

Regardless of its source—a strong BATNA, a powerful role, or a feeling of power—power has the same consistent effects described in this article.

When preparing for a negotiation with a powerful counterpart, try to increase your own sense of power on as many of these levels as possible.

Related BATNA [6] Article: Negotiation Skills and the Hidden Hazards of BATNA Development [7]: Can too much BATNA research hurt you during your next negotiation? Normally a negotiator’s best alternative to a negotiated agreement is some of her best information to bring along to the negotiation table, but what if she could over-research her bargaining position? Our negotiation coach, Francesca Gino, answers this question and provides negotiation skills [8] tips negotiators can use at the bargaining table [9].

Related Dealmaking [10] Article: Dealmaking: Six Strategies for Creating and Claiming Value Through Haggling [11]: The following six haggling strategies can give the skilled negotiator the upper hand in negotiations with sellers over a product. Read the following negotiation skills tips and negotiation strategies to learn how to maximize value at the bargaining table through distributive negotiation methods such as haggling.

Related Negotiation Skills [12] Article: Negotiation Skills: Are You Really Ready to Negotiate? [13] – In negotiation, success and preparation go hand-in-hand. Follow these three negotiation skills tips to learn how the skilled negotiator prepares for her upcoming session at the bargaining table and how these three negotiation tips can improve your agreements.

Related Business Negotiations [14] Articles: How to Negotiate When You’re Literally Far Apart [15]: How to handle difficult negotiations with a counterpart that is at a distance? The following negotiation skills tips can be applied to any business negotiation as well as any negotiation involving a fellow negotiator who is not physically present at the bargaining table.

The Deal Is Done: Now What? [16] – How to build long-term, sustainable relationships long after the negotiation agreement is signed. Many negotiators focus on the negotiation at hand, however, the best negotiators recognize that the current deal is a cornerstone in a potentially long-term relationship. Learn how to build value-creating, sustainable relationships with your negotiating counterparts and how the first deal can set the tone for all future interactions between negotiators. Whether business negotiations or in international negotiations, the ability to sustain a value-creating, mutually beneficial relationship is the hallmark of all skill negotiators.

Related BATNA [6] Articles:  BATNA Definition and Dealmaking: Understanding Your BATNA in Your Current Negotiations [17]

Discover how to unleash your power at the bargaining table in this free special report, BATNA Basics: Boost Your Power at the Bargaining Table [3], from Harvard Law School.

Adapted from “Enhance Your Power,” first published in the August 2011 issue of Negotiation [18].

Originally published in 2014.

Article printed from PON – Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School: http://www.pon.harvard.edu

URL to article: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/daily/batna/negotiation-skills-three-sources-of-power-at-the-bargaining-table/

URLs in this post:

[1] BATNA: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/tag/batna/

[2] negotiating power: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/tag/negotiating-power/

[3] BATNA Basics: Boost Your Power at the Bargaining Table: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/freemium/batna-basics-boost-your-power-at-the-bargaining-table/

[4] best alternative to a negotiated agreement: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/tag/best-alternative-to-a-negotiated-agreement/

[5] Negotiators: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/tag/negotiators/

[6] BATNA: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/category/daily/batna/

[7] Negotiation Skills and the Hidden Hazards of BATNA Development: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/daily/batna/negotiation-skills-and-the-hidden-hazards-of-batna-development/

[8] negotiation skills: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/tag/negotiation-skills/

[9] bargaining table: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/tag/bargaining-table/

[10] Dealmaking: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/category/daily/dealmaking-daily/

[11] Dealmaking: Six Strategies for Creating and Claiming Value Through Haggling: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/daily/dealmaking-daily/dealmaking-six-strategies-for-creating-value-or-claiming-value-through-haggling/

[12] Negotiation Skills: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/category/daily/negotiation-skills-daily/

[13] Negotiation Skills: Are You Really Ready to Negotiate?: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/daily/negotiation-skills-daily/negotiation-skills-are-you-really-ready-to-negotiate/

[14] Business Negotiations: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/category/daily/business-negotiations/

[15] How to Negotiate When You’re Literally Far Apart : http://www.pon.harvard.edu/daily/business-negotiations/how-to-negotiate-when-youre-literally-far-apart/

[16] The Deal Is Done: Now What?: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/daily/conflict-management/the-deal-is-done-now-what/

[17] BATNA Definition and Dealmaking: Understanding Your BATNA in Your Current Negotiations: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/daily/batna/translate-your-batna-to-the-current-deal/

[18] Negotiation: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/category/publication-archives/negotiation-monthly-archives/

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